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The Significance and Beauty of the Month of Ramadan by Minister Louis Farrakhan

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

Nearly one billion Muslims of every race, color, creed and nationality are now observing the month of Ramadan as a month of fasting in obedience to the injunction given to us in the Holy Qur’an.

In Surah (chapter) 2, verse 183, it is written, "O you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may guard against evil."

Fasting, one of the main pillars of Islam, is a principle that must be practiced by every believing Muslim. In fact, fasting has been enjoined in every age by every prophet that has come to reform the conduct of man.

Since fasting is given to us as a prescription—and a prescription is given to us by a doctor, telling us to take a certain medicine at and for a specified time, to effect a cure for a certain illness—in this case, Almighty God Allah is the doctor prescribing for all of humanity. And now we are speaking specifically to the Black people of America, that fasting is to be used as a cure for a sick spiritual, moral, social and physical condition.

The Honorable Elijah Muhammad taught us that fasting produces discipline. How? We know that we are creatures with desires and basic human needs: food, shelter, and love. We need to be respected in our community. We have a hunger for love, and for expressing our own being. All of these hungers, all of these needs, must be disciplined and controlled if society is to be successful.

Whenever the human being lacks discipline, the society reflects that lack of discipline in the manifestation of excesses: excessive eating, excessive drinking, excessive sex, the lust for material things, the greed for power, the overpowering of our intelligence by anger and envy. All of these excesses break the spirit of brotherhood and destroy human society.

The Hon. Elijah Muhammad taught us that the first law of the universe is motion. After something is put into motion, the second law is order. That which is in motion must come under order. This order presupposes discipline. And when there is no discipline and no order, whatever motion we have will be brought to an end.

The lack of discipline, therefore, is not only the death of the individual, it also is the death of the family and the death of the society.

Thus, fasting is prescribed for us as it was prescribed for those before us that we may guard against evil.

During this month of fasting, from dawn to sunset, from dawn until dark, the Muslim will not put a drop of water or food in his or her mouth. Nor will that Muslim feed the hunger of sex during the daylight hours. Out of our love for Almighty God Allah and obedience to what He has ordered for us in the Qur’an we carry out His discipline. What are the results?

Self-imposed discipline

When we deprive ourselves of something so essential to life as water and food for a period of 15 to 18 hours during the heat of the day, this discipline imposed on ourselves makes it easy for us to discipline other hungers or desires.

When we can stop eating and drinking, drives which are natural to life itself, how much more easy is it for us to stop lying, stealing and the practice of those sins that destroy the peace and brotherhood of the society? This fast of Ramadan is one of the greatest means of inculcating self-discipline.

We have all seen societies that are highly disciplined by authoritarian rule. This is a discipline imposed on others by a superior authority. Authoritarian rule often leads to excesses: despots, tyrants and dictators.

Certainly the discipline imposed on the members of an authoritarian society does produce some good, but the greatest of all disciplines is that which we impose on ourselves.

Self-discipline leads to the restraining of those passions in our own being that can be used by Satan for the destruction of ourselves and things around us. Self-imposed discipline leads to a healthy society, one where the people truly can rule.

Excessive eating leads to obesity, which brings with it a myriad of other diseases culminating in heart failure, stroke, stress, etc. Excessive sex leads to promiscuity, fornication, adultery, the breakup of families and the destruction of the basic unit of civilization, as well as the killing of millions of unborn, unwanted children.

The lust for material things leads to greed, avarice and the overconsumption or acquisition of things, and ones glorying in things that have no feeling, thereby denying the humanity in self and others.

The lust for power, to be recognized, can become so great that it gets out of control, then we see men and women destroying others to get what they want and where they want to go.

Anger is a force within the human being that is so potent, if it is not controlled it will lead to the destruction of the individual and others. You can see that there is a need for personal discipline in our lives.

The fast of Ramadan and the discipline of prayer at prescribed times during the day is the greatest aid in developing personal discipline and regulating our affairs and habits.

The Hon. Elijah Muhammad wanted to see his followers supremely disciplined. Of course, in our infancy there was authoritarian rule, just as we had in our homes under our mothers and fathers. And we witnessed some excesses under this rule, which led to grievous dissatisfaction on the part of those who were offended by the improper use of authority.

How beautiful a society can become when each individual imposes upon himself or herself the discipline of fasting, the discipline of curtailing our own behaviors, our own hungers, our own desires. This makes a very clean, peaceful, righteous, progressive and orderly society. This, by the help of Allah (God), is what we intend to produce.

Here in the Middle East where the temperature sometimes gets up to 115 degrees, 120 degrees in the desert, I found myself losing a lot of water. In one incident in particular, there I was in the cool of my room, with a refrigerator full of all kinds of cold drinks. No one would ever have known if I had taken a drink of water except Allah (God) and myself. But so desirous was I not to break the fast and give in to my great thirst, I took water and rinsed out my mouth making sure that not one single drop passed into my throat, so that I might be obedient to Allah (God). While I watched visitors to this region eating and drinking, I maintained my discipline.

I say to all of us as Muslims, this fast, if properly followed by you, will lead to your and my ability to put all of our appetites under control. This is why fasting is prescribed, so that we may guard against every form of evil. As we have indicated, practically every evil comes out of a hunger that we desire to satisfy. Since we cannot discipline that hunger, we exceed the limits. Fasting, therefore, is prescribed.

I plead with all of the Muslims to do everything in your power to make this fast successful. Follow it all the way through, and at the end of this 30 days you will find yourself a new person.

The Hon. Elijah Muhammad desired ease for us; as the Holy Qur’an teaches of Allah (God), He desires ease for His creatures. The Hon. Elijah Muhammad knew that we were a group of people who had lived undisciplined lives following after our slavemasters and their children. Now that we have embraced Islam, the Hon. Elijah Muhammad wanted us to practice fasting but he chose the month of December for us to do the fast of Ramadan. Of course, this made us totally different from the Islamic world, but on careful examination of the Hon. Elijah Muhammad, his rationale and understanding is very well accepted now as we explain it to the scholars of this side of the world.

The Hon. Elijah Muhammad chose December because the days in that month are shortest, and since Allah (God) desires ease for us, and the example of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was one that desire ease for his followers, the Hon. Elijah Muhammad likewise wanted us to make the fast, so he chose the shortest days in the year for us to observe the fast.

Secondly, he did not want us to continue practicing the behavior during the month of December which disgraced the memory of a righteous servant of Allah (God), Jesus, the son of Mary. So the Hon. Elijah Muhammad chose December as the month for his followers to observe Ramadan. His reasons, I repeat, are wise and justified, but he also wanted us to grow up to be able to follow the Qur’an as perfectly as is humanly possible.

The Qur’an tells us that we should fast during the month of Ramadan, and now the followers of the Hon. Elijah Muhammad, having matured in our understanding, are now fasting with the entire Islamic world.

May Allah (God) bless each one of you to complete this fast successfully. May Allah (God) bless us to increase in discipline so that we may leave alone those things which displease Almighty God, Allah, in order to be acceptable in His Sight.

Let us, during this sacred month, thank Allah (God) for this most precious of all gifts, the gift of the Revelation of the Holy Qur’an which came to the world through Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

And, lastly, may Allah (God) bless us with a discipline that will strengthen the peace of our community, and strengthen our peace in the total society. I appeal to all of our friends, and all of our Christian brothers and sisters to practice this discipline called fasting. If you can do it one or two days, three or four days or maybe one week, it will show you that you also have the strength to put off certain unclean habits from your life.

Let every Muslim strive during this month of Ramadan to rid himself or herself of some habit that we know Allah (God) disapproves of. Fasting will give us the strength to overcome it.



© Copyright 2003 FCN Publishing,

Final Call Editor's note: On May 16, 1988, Minister Farrakhan called to The Final Call newspaper office from the United Arab Emirates to give this special message of encouragement and inspiration to the Muslim followers of the Honorable Elijah Muhammad, friends and supporters of the Nation of Islam, and the Black community in the United States during the sacred month of Ramadan.

**** editor's note: Here is more information on Ramadan from

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Islam uses a lunar calendar—that is, each month begins with the sighting of the new moon. Because the lunar calendar is about 11 days shorter than the solar calendar used elsewhere, Islamic holidays "move" each year. In 2003 Ramadan begins on Oct. 27; in 2004 it will begin on Oct. 15.

For more than a billion Muslims around the world—including some 8 million in North America—Ramadan is a "month of blessing" marked by prayer, fasting, and charity. This year Ramadan precedes Christmas and overlaps Hanukkah. But while in many places these holidays have become widely commercialized, Ramadan retains its focus on self-sacrifice and devotion to Allah (God).

Why this Month?

Muslims believe that during the month of Ramadan, Allah revealed the first verses of the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam. Around 610 A.D., a caravan trader named Muhammad took to wandering the desert near Mecca (in today's Saudi Arabia) while thinking about his faith. One night a voice called to him from the night sky. It was the angel Gabriel, who told Muhammad he had been chosen to receive the word of Allah. In the days that followed, Muhammad found himself speaking the verses that would be transcribed as the Qur'an.

At many mosques during Ramadan, about one thirtieth of the Qur'an is recited each night in prayers known as tarawih. In this way, by the end of the month the complete scripture will have been recited.


Muslims practice sawm, or fasting, for the entire month of Ramadan. This means that they may eat or drink nothing, including water, while the sun shines. Fasting is one of the Five Pillars (duties) of Islam. As with other Islamic duties, all able Muslims take part in sawm from about age twelve.

During Ramadan in the Muslim world, most restaurants are closed during the daylight hours. Families get up early for suhoor, a meal eaten before the sun rises. After the sun sets, the fast is broken with a meal known as iftar. Iftar usually begins with dates and sweet drinks that provide a quick energy boost.

Fasting serves many purposes. While they are hungry and thirsty, Muslims are reminded of the suffering of the poor. Fasting is also an opportunity to practice self-control and to cleanse the body and mind. And in this most sacred month, fasting helps Muslims feel the peace that comes from spiritual devotion as well as kinship with fellow

Eid al-Fitr

Ramadan ends with the festival of Eid al-Fitr, which in 2003 occurs on November 26. Literally the "Festival of Breaking the Fast," Eid al-Fitr is one of the two most important Islamic celebrations (the other occurs after the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca). At Eid al-Fitr people dress in their finest clothes, adorn their homes with lights and decorations, give treats to children, and enjoy visits with friends and family.

A sense of generosity and gratitude colors these festivities. Although charity and good deeds are always important in Islam, they have special significance at the end of Ramadan. As the month draws to a close, Muslims are obligated to share their blessings by feeding the poor and making contributions to mosques.

Thursday, October 30, 2003

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